Flo-Joe for Cambridge English Exams

Cambridge English: Advanced

Discover some of the common structures tested in the Use of English Key Word Transformations task

CAE Use of English: Part 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 |

About Part 4 Key Word Transformations


You will be given a complete sentence followed by a second, incomplete sentence. You must complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning as the first using a word given that must not be changed. There are 6 questions in total. In the exam you transfer your answer to a special answer sheet. Part 4 tests your knowledge of grammar and vocabulary. It is impossible to predict areas that you could be tested on here. However, the categories listed below appear quite often.
Key Word Transformation video tutorial

Now try our exercises


1. Comparative structures/adverbs
Structures like 'not quite as much/slightly less than' often appear in this task.
Online Exercise

2. Expressions/common lexical patterns
Practice in identifying fixed expressions and common lexical patterns.
Online Exercise

3. Phrasal verbs
Structures with phrasal verb equivalents e.g. 'force entry into'/'break into' often appear in this task.
Online Exercise

4. Formal structures (Including conditionals)
Structures such as 'we had to think about x/we were obliged to take x into consideration' often appear in this task.
Online Exercise

Dos and don'ts


Remember to put the prompt word in your answer and do not change this word. Don't write less than three or more than six words (contractions, e.g. 'I'm', count as two words). Don't leave the answer sheet blank for any question. If you don't know the correct answer you should always make a guess.

How to improve


If you get a sentence wrong, rewrite the correct structure in a way that has personal meaning.

Try a test


Try an online Reading and Use of English Part 4 (Key Word Transformation) test in the 'Practice Tests' area.


Print off a mark sheet to keep a record of your scores.

When you've finished these exercises try an online Use of English Part 5 (Key Word Transformations) test in the 'Practice Tests' area.

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